THE BENEFITS OF PHYSICAL EXERCISE FOR WOMEN IN MENOPAUSE
Menopause is characterized by estrogen deficiency; changes in the lipid profile; weight gain; decrease in lean mass; increased body fat; stature reduction; increased imc; sedentary lifestyle and hypertension;
Data reveal that when comparing the incidence of arterial hypertension between genders, it is observed that women, up to menopause, have a lower prevalence of arterial hypertension and related diseases compared to men. However, after menopause, women start to present a prevalence of arterial hypertension similar to that of men.
About 25% of the population has arterial hypertension, and of these, about 50% belong to the age group above 40 years.
Since the insertion of physical exercise in the routine seems to be the best strategy to control these risk factors at this stage of a woman's life. BUT WHY?
A recent study found that women after menopause have low plasma concentrations of NO and cGMP, which were positively associated with low plasma estrogen levels.
In addition, some studies have shown a positive correlation between the reduction in plasma estrogen concentration and the elevation of blood pressure in menopausal women.
On the other hand, the administration of oxidizing enzyme inhibitors or antioxidant agents did not affect blood pressure values.
In addition, hormone replacement in women after menopause has been shown to be ineffective in reducing blood pressure values as well as in preventing cardiovascular events.
However, the practice of regular physical exercise, continuous or intermittent, creates adaptations in the cardiovascular system, and is directly related to a greater production of NO, by endothelial cells and / or its bioavailability to smooth muscle cells, due to the increase in blood flow, on the walls of blood vessels, which respond to these changes by increasing the activity of eNOS or antioxidant enzymes.
Thus, changes in lifestyle, such as dietary education and supervised and individualized physical exercise, with control of heart rate, duration and intensity of effort, bring immense benefits associated with risk factors in menopause, improving the quality of life of women. women.
Let's practice! You no longer have excuses for not exercising!